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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

JORQUERA, Denisse; GALARCE, Nicolás  y  BORIE, Consuelo. The challenge of controlling foodborne diseases: bacteriophages as a new biotechnological tool. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.678-688. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182015000700010.

Foodborne diseases are an increasing public health issue, in which bacterial pathogens have a transcendental role. To face this situation, the food industry has implemented several control strategies, using in the last decade some biotechnological tools, such as direct application of bacteriophages on food, to effectively control bacterial pathogens. Their bactericidal and safe properties to humans and animals have been widely described in the literature, being nowadays some bacteriophage-based products commercially available. Despite this, there are so many factors that can interfere in their biocontrol effectiveness on food, therefore is essential to consider these factors before their application. Thus, the optimal bacterial reduction will be achieved, which would produce a safer food. This review discusses some factors to consider in the use of bacteriophages as biocontrol agents of foodborne pathogens, including historical background, taxonomy and biological description of bacteriophages, and also advantages, disadvantages, and considerations of food applications.

Palabras clave : Foodborne diseases; biocontrol; bacteriophages; public health.

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