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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

IBARRA, Catalina et al. Parasitosis and irritable bowel syndrome. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.3, pp.268-274. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182016000300003.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterised by multi-factorial aetiology. In IBS physiopathology are involved diverse factors between them biological, psychosocial, and environmental components which affect the immune activation status of gut mucosa. Among these factors is recognized the intestinal parasitosis. Post-infection IBS (PI-IBS) is recognised as a subgroup of functional disorders whose symptoms onset appear after a symptomatic intestinal infection caused by microbial agents. There are few studies regarding of relationship between IBS and intestinal parasitosis in Chile. However, is has been well described a positive association between IBS and Blastocystis hominis infections, one of prevalent parasites in Chile. In other countries, is also described a relationship between IBS and amebiasis and giardiasis. Both, characterized by a common mode of transmission through water as well as contaminated food. Because the high prevalence of parasitosis in our country it is necessary to expand the association studies to clarify the strength of the parasites ethiology in IBS.

Palabras clave : Irritable bowel syndrome; Post-infection irritable bowel syndrome; Intestinal parasitosis; Blastocystis hominis; Entamoeba histolytica; Giardia intestinalis.

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