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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

FICA, Alberto; GAINZA, Daniela  y  ORTIGOSA, Pablo. Tetanus after cat scratch and bites in a previously immunized patient. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.2, pp.181-185. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182017000200012.

Tetanus is declining due to vaccination, professional labor management and appropriate wound care. Tetanus cases have been reported despite immunization. We report the case of a previously healthy 21 years old female patient that presented a mild generalized tetanus requiring admission after mild and recurrent cat scratch and bites. She had received six vaccine shots during childhood, and a booster dose five years earlier after a rabbit bite. Symptoms appeared seven weeks after the last contact, and included headache, muscle spasms and mild opisthotonus. Laboratory evaluation, including CSF analysis and microbiological investigation, as well as imaging studies were all normal. The patient received 6,000 IU of human antitoxin immunoglobulin. No autonomic manifestations or respiratory compromise were registered. Symptoms resolved rapidly and she was discharge after seven days with an order to complete a tetanus toxoid immunization schedule with three doses. Conclusions. Tetanus is possible in urban settings with a declining epidemiologic curve of disease in previously immunized patients. Severity of disease is modulated by previous vaccination.

Palabras clave : Domestic animal; cat; bite; tetanus; tetanus toxoid.

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