SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.34 número5Costo de las neumonías asociadas a la ventilación mecánica en pacientes adultos en un hospital general en ChileFrecuencia, susceptibilidad antimicrobiana y patrón de adherencia de Salmonella enterica aislada de carne de pollo, res y cerdo de la Ciudad de México índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

BORQUEZ, Celia et al. Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus and Treponema pallidum in inmates in the Preventive Detention Center of Arica, Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.5, pp.453-457. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182017000500453.

Background:

The risk groups for sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) are sex workers, drug addicts, young people in early sexual initiation, and population in prison.

Aim:

To determine the prevalence of HIV, Treponema pallidum and hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in male inmates at the Preventive Detention Center (CDP) of Arica.

Methods:

The study was conducted in 140 inmates, with informed consent. Epidemiological survey and blood sampling was conducted. The positive tests were sent to the Hospital Regional of Arica for confirmation and the National Reference Laboratory for confirmation.

Results:

STD prevalence was 13.6%. The most prevalent was VDRL positive (7.1%) followed by HIV infection (5.7%) and HBV (2.9%). The highest rate (57.9%) occurred in individuals under 31 years old. 63.2% were in an overcrowded situation, 42.1% of cases corresponded to those whose age of sexual activity onset of was before age 15 and 94.7% used drugs.

Conclusions:

The study reasserts the predisposing factors for the transmission of STDs as age, early sexual debut, drug abuse and overcrowding, noting that prisons are highly vulnerable environments where overcrowding, sexual condition, early sexual initiation, high drug abuse and the lacking spouses visits provide an epidemiological context favorable for increased STD.

Palabras clave : Men in prison; sexually transmitted diseases; human inmunodeficiency virus; Treponema pallidum; hepatitis B virus.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )