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Revista chilena de infectología

Print version ISSN 0716-1018

Abstract

GONZALEZ M, Claudio et al. Safety of fluoroquinolones: risks usually forgotten for the clinician. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.6, pp.577-582. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182017000600577.

Quinolones are a group of widely used antimicrobials. Although they are considered safe for patients, knowledge of the safety profile is necessary so that professionals become aware of what is necessary to monitor. At the musculoskeletal level, quinolones have the potential to damage cartilage, causing even tendon rupture in infrequent cases. Hypoglycemia / hyperglycemia has been observed at the endocrine level, thus, careful monitoring of glycemia in patients with quinolone is recommended in diabetic patients. At the cardiovascular level, arrhythmias induced by these antimicrobials are rare but severe. At the level of the nervous system, the appearance of alterations of the central nervous system and the peripheral neuropathy are emphasized. When assessing the safety of quinolones, it is important to consider potential interactions with other substances (medical products). In children it is preferred not to use fluoroquinolones because of the potential risk of cartilage damage and growth, effects that do not seem to be so dramatic in the face of new evidence. Despite optimism, the safety of the treatment of these antimicrobials should be evaluated in every pediatric patient.

Keywords : Fluoroquinolonas; safety; pharmaco surveillance; pediatrics.

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