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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

ARELLANO, Sebastián et al. Cutaneous anthrax, the last outbreak diagnosed in Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.2, pp.195-197. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000200195.

Anthrax is a zoonosis caused by a spore-forming bacterium, called Bacillus anthracis. Naturally it is of global distribution, with a predilection in agricultural zones with few norms of public veterinary health. Human contagion occurs through the consumption of diseased animal's meat or through a doorway into the skin or through the spores inhalation of products derived from the affected animal (wool, leather, bones). The most frequent infection in humans occurs in the skin, followed by the gastrointestinal tract and lungs. We present the last outbreak of cutaneous anthrax diagnosed in Chile with a description of the first two clinical cases of the outbreak. Control disease is based on prevention, hence the importance of surveillance in detecting cases and outbreaks.

Palabras clave : Anthrax; cutaneous anthrax; zoonoses.

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