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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

PUERTO, Constanza del et al. Experience in visceral cutaneous and cutaneous loxoscelism of hospital management: clinical, evolution and therapeutic proposal. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.3, pp.266-275. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000300266.

Background:

Loxoscelism is a common pathology in our environment with a broad spectrum of differential diagnoses and presentations, with potentially serious complications, even to the point of death. To date, there is no standard treatment for these patients.

Aim:

To describe the clinical manifestations, main complications, therapeutic management, and evolution of loxoscelism in an inpatient setting from a tertiary hospital in Chile.

Methods:

All patients consulting and hospitalized in the hospital of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile with diagnosis of loxoscelism between 2014 to 2017 and evaluated by dermatologist were included. Review of clinical files, including symptoms, images, laboratory parameters and treatment.

Results:

We evaluated seventeen inpatient with loxoscelism, whose presentation responds to the national epidemiological pattern. Most cases were managed with antibiotics, systemic corticosteroids, antihistamines, and dapsone. From these, 11.8% corresponded to viscerocutaneous loxoscelism, successfully managed with supportive measures, systemic corticosteroids and antihistamines. Fifty-nine percent healed their cutaneous lesions after one month of treatment, with slight residual scarring or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, without associated mortality in our series.

Discussion:

Most cases of cutaneous loxoscelism presented excellent response and rapid resolution of the disease after combined therapy with systemic corticosteroids, antibiotics and dapsone, suggesting that the use of these therapies could stop the progression of cutaneous necrosis and prevent complications associated with loxoscelism.

Palabras clave : Loxoscelism; dapsone; Loxosceles laeta.

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