SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.35 número3Experiencia en loxoscelismo cutáneo y cutáneo visceral de manejo hospitalario: clínica, evolución y propuesta terapéuticaSituación epidemiológica de sífilis (CIE 10: A50-A53.9). Chile, 2016 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

ALARCON, Ana M. et al. Persons living with HIV/AIDS: ethnic and sociocultural differences in Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.3, pp.276-282. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000300276.

Background:

The association between ethnicity and HIV/AIDS is an emerging and unexplored issue in Chile.

Aim:

To determine the profile of patients with HIV/AIDS by ethnicity and socioeconomic factors associated with diagnostic-therapeutic opportunity in the Araucania and Metropolitan regions.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study with 558 patients from two centers of HIV/AIDS in Chile. Data were collected using a questionnaire with clinical and sociocultural data obtained under informed consent. Descriptive analysis raw and stratified associations for each variable was performed.

Results:

Mapuche patients were mostly male, heterosexual (53.1%), lower average age (36.7 years), educational and income level lower than no Mapuche patients. The median of CD4(+) lymphocytes from Mapuche patients was the lowest in the sample, less than 51 cells/mm3, under 25 percentile (CI 38-123). Lifestyle variables indicated that drug use, number of sexual partners, and relationships between men were associated with higher levels of income, education and no Mapuche ethnicity.

Conclusion:

There are differences between Mapuche and non Mapuche patients regarding their sociocultural and clinical status, which generates health inequalities.

Palabras clave : Mapuche; HIV; AIDS; ethnicity; indigenous.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )