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vol.35 número3Experiencia en loxoscelismo cutáneo y cutáneo visceral de manejo hospitalario: clínica, evolución y propuesta terapéuticaSituación epidemiológica de sífilis (CIE 10: A50-A53.9). Chile, 2016 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018


ALARCON, Ana M. et al. Persons living with HIV/AIDS: ethnic and sociocultural differences in Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.3, pp.276-282. ISSN 0716-1018.


The association between ethnicity and HIV/AIDS is an emerging and unexplored issue in Chile.


To determine the profile of patients with HIV/AIDS by ethnicity and socioeconomic factors associated with diagnostic-therapeutic opportunity in the Araucania and Metropolitan regions.


Cross-sectional study with 558 patients from two centers of HIV/AIDS in Chile. Data were collected using a questionnaire with clinical and sociocultural data obtained under informed consent. Descriptive analysis raw and stratified associations for each variable was performed.


Mapuche patients were mostly male, heterosexual (53.1%), lower average age (36.7 years), educational and income level lower than no Mapuche patients. The median of CD4(+) lymphocytes from Mapuche patients was the lowest in the sample, less than 51 cells/mm3, under 25 percentile (CI 38-123). Lifestyle variables indicated that drug use, number of sexual partners, and relationships between men were associated with higher levels of income, education and no Mapuche ethnicity.


There are differences between Mapuche and non Mapuche patients regarding their sociocultural and clinical status, which generates health inequalities.

Palabras clave : Mapuche; HIV; AIDS; ethnicity; indigenous.

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