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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

NEELY, Gabriel; CABRERA, Raúl  y  HOJMAN, Lia. Parvovirus B19: A DNA virus associated with multiple cutaneous manifestations. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.5, pp.518-530. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000500518.

Parvovirus B19 is a community DNA virus with worldwide distribution with up to 85% seroprevalence in the elderly. There is a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations in parvovirus B19 infection of which cutaneous involvement is the most frequent one. Although most of these are self-limiting conditions, there are numerous syndromes and autoimmune diseases in which parvovirus B19 is postulated as a triggering factor, given its ability to induce the production of various autoantibodies and promote the presentation of autoantigens to T cells. This review describes the spectrum of cutaneous manifestations of parvovirus B19 infection and the evidence supporting its association with each of them. We propose a new classification of different diseases with cutaneous manifestations linked to parvovirus B19, based on the amount and quality of available evidence in the literature.

Palabras clave : Exanthema; parvovirus B19; autoimmune diseases; autoimmunity; vasculitis.

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