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Revista chilena de infectología

Print version ISSN 0716-1018

Abstract

VERGES H., Valeska et al. Beliefs, perceptions and experiences in sexuality of Chilean adolescents with HIV acquired by vertical transmission. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.3, pp.318-330. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182019000300318.

Background:

Since the incorporation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) HIV has become a chronic condition, improving survival and allowing children with the virus to come in better conditions to adolescence, where they are faced with a series of changes, among them, to sexual awakening.

Aim:

To explore the main beliefs, perceptions and experiences in sexuality of a group of adolescents with HIV infection acquired through vertical transmission.

Methods:

A qualitative research was carried out with exploratory and descriptive scope. Semi-structured interviews were applied to 28 adolescents, under control in hospitals in Santiago and Valparaíso, with HIV infection. The analysis was carried out according to the Grounded Theory.

Results:

There was a lack of sexual education and a vision that focuses on risks, such as sexually transmissible infections or teenage pregnancy. There are fears about the possibility of rejection by others and of transmitting the virus to the couple or the children and they are invaded by feelings of shame and anger.

Conclusion:

It is important to train health professionals who work with this group, because they are identified as a reliable source of information and education.

Keywords : HIV; vertical acquisition; adolescence; sexuality.

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