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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

MONERIZ, Carlos  y  CASTRO-SALGUEDO, Cristian. Promising and potential drugs for the treatment of COVID-19. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.3, pp.205-215. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182020000300205.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is characterized by respiratory alterations with varied symptoms ranging from mild manifestations to more severe conditions that can cause death. The objective of this narrative review of the literature is to synthesize in a concrete way the information available on potential drugs for the treatment of patients with COVID-19 and to serve as a support guide for health professionals. Taking into account previous experiences for the management of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in the past, some of these drugs have been used as a starting point to seek the elimination of SARS-CoV-2. This review presents the current state of research on promising drugs as potential treatments for COVID-19 worldwide and is developed in the text on four types of anti-SARS-Cov-2 agents: regulators of the immune response, intracellular medium modifiers, viral RNA polymerase inhibitors and protease inhibitors. To date all the drugs described in this review need clinical studies to validate their use. However, until the results of these trials are available, the best available evidence should be used for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19.

Palabras clave : coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; drug; treatment.

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