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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

CANALS, Mauricio; GALLEGOS, Doris  y  AVENDANO, L. Fidel. Estimation of the effective reproduction number of measles 2018-2019 in Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.3, pp.231-236. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182020000300231.

Background:

Measles cases are reemerging in many countries across the globe. There was an outbreak of imported measles between November 2018 and February 2019 in Chile, raising concern among the public and health authorities. Many were worried about the Chilean measles herd immunity, a factor that relates to the reproductive capacity of the virus (measure of transmissibility of a pathogen).

Aim:

Here we estimate the effective reproductive number (Re) of this measles outbreak.

Results:

Although the estimate is highly uncertain due to the low number of cases and the absence of homogeneous mixing of the population, we found Re was approximately 1.5.

Discussion and Conclusions:

Consequently we estimated about 90,3 % had measles immunity, consistent with administrative estimates from the Ministry of Health. These results suggest the Chilean population has established herd immunity against the introduction of imported measles cases, reflecting adequate preventive management of this disease.

Palabras clave : Measles; effective reproduction number; outbreak; herd immunity.

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