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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

MESQUITA, Mirta N.; GODOY, Laura E.; KABBOUTT, Hayat A.  y  SERVIN, María L.. Antibiotic escalation with the inclusion of a checklist in the pediatric intensive care unit. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.4, pp.349-355. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182020000400349.

Background:

Antibiotic surveillance improves the appropriate antibiotic therapy.

Aim:

To decrease the antibiotic scaling, 48 hours after starting prescription in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

Methods:

A ambispective cohort study was performed in the PICU including patients admitted in whom antibiotic therapy was started and a checklist was applied prospectively. They were compared with a historical cohort, prior the checklist. The main outcome was the antibiotic scaling 48 hours after starting and the secondary endpoints were consultation with infectious diseases (ID) specialist and vancomycin prescription. To compare the variables between the two cohorts, the χ2 test, Fischer test and U Mann-Whitney test were used. The results of the main variables were expressed in RR and RAR. The study was approved by the institution's Ethics Committee.

Results:

70 patients were admitted in the checklist cohort and they were compared with 124 patients of the historical cohort. The checklist implementation decreased the antibiotic scaling at 48 h after starting from 56.4 to 21.4% (p < 0.0001) ARR = 35% and vancomycin prescription from 64.5 to 40% (p < 0.001) ARR =24.5%. The consultation with ID specialist increased from 9.6 to 32.8% (p < 0.0001). There were no differences in mortality and duration of antibiotic therapy at 10 days of hospitalization.

Conclusion:

The checklist implementation decreased the antibiotic scaling,48 hs after starting and the vancomycin prescription while the ID specialist consultation increased.

Palabras clave : critical care unit; pediatrics; antibiotic; stewardship; checklist; surveillance.

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