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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

SALAZAR REVUELTA, María. La represión penal de la usura en la república romana y su evolución. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2004, n.26, pp.85-111. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552004002600004.

Criminal response to usury in Rome is found to be inextricably linked to the continuous infringements of interest-restraining regulations, together with the most varied juridical instruments that are in effect in civil life, depending on the socio-economic circumstances of each era. From the Republic on, the work of the curule councilmen imposing fines and the possibility (towards the end of the III century B.C.) of bringing a private action in quadruplum is noticeable. Later on, the little effectiveness of the councilmen's interventions was replaced with the per quaestiones procedure, which was put into effect during the first years of the Empire and which was also applied to the annona-related frauds. However, the fight against usurious loans during the Principate moves primarily toward civil life. People had to wait till the Dominate entered the scene to watch the criminal repression of illicit interests once again. Despicable considerations of the usurious crime are stressed, from Diocletian on, as well as the re-establishment of the quadruplum crime on the part of Theodosius. Finally, Justinian will embrace the Diocletian legislation, although he seems to emphasize the civil consequences of the usurae illicitae.

Palavras-chave : curule councilmen; faeneratores; leges fenebres; multae feneraticiae; tresviri capitales; usurae.

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