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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455


RODRIGUEZ PUERTO, Manuel Jesús. Derechos subjetivos y sistema en la primera modernidad. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2004, n.26, pp.301-335. ISSN 0716-5455.

The claim to structure laws from a single principle _that is, a system_ finds one of its sources in the methodological speculation of a movement in XVI-century juridical humanism. Its advocates attempted to expose the ius commune in a methodical fashion, which assumed the establishment of fundamental principles or notions from which the most particular contents should be derived. It was no chance that those who succeeded in that task the most were the jurists who, as Hughes Doneau, made use of the notion of law understood as faculty. Instead, if law is understood as the just regulation of the concrete problem, the way Thomas Aquinas and other humanist jurists such as François Connan or Pierre de la Grégoire thought, the diversity inherent in wontedness hampers the system. But authors like Doneau even established varied causes for the different faculties and, therefore, their systems were not fully rigorous. Their advances, however, were completed by modern iusnaturalism representatives, who built a whole system based on subjective law of an individualistic origin.

Palavras-chave : juridical humanism; faculty; method; system; subjective law; modern iusnaturalism.

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