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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versión impresa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumen

GUZMAN BRITO, Alejandro. "In Quaelibet re, Tantumdem Est de lure Quantum de Entitate": The ontological conception of the right-faculty by the late Middle Ages and in the modern times. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2007, n.29, pp.271-331. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552007000100007.

This article expounds the doctrine of the French theologian Iohannes Gerson about law, which he identified with a potestas seu facultas, but not limited to that of the rational beings but extended to that of the animals and inanimate ones, under the formula of "there is right as there is entity", which qualifies it as an ontological conception. Such doctrine was accepted and commented by German theologian Conradus Summenhart, under the formula of "as much of right, as much the action allowed". The ontological conception reappeared in English intellectual Thomas Hobbes, who, in the natural state, attributes to man as much right as his corporal power reaches to; and appeared again in Sephardim-Dutch philosopher Baruch Spinoza, for whom, in the same state, every being has as much right as his power reaches to.

Palabras clave : Right-faculty; Subjective Law; Potestas; Facultas; Being and Right; Gerson; Summenhart; Driedo; Maior; Hobbes; Spinoza.

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