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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

Print version ISSN 0716-5455

Abstract

ALVEAR TELLEZ, Julio. Freedom of Conscience and Religion in the French Enlightenment: The Model of Voltaire and the 'Encyclopédie'. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2011, n.33, pp.227-272. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552011000100007.

The French Enlightenment does not think that freedom of conscience and religion is a broad and neutral right. The terms depict a meaning narrower than that which, at first sight, is suggested. The writings of Voltaire and the Encyclopédie consider said freedom, per essence and per system, as separated from the Christian God and His law. The anti-Christian disposition, the religious agnosticism and the metaphysical skepticism are the basis for this Modern freedom.

Keywords : Freedom of conscience; Freedom of worship; Tolerance; Enlightenment; Voltaire; Encyclopédie.

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