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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versión impresa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumen

WEGMANN STOCKEBRAND, Adolfo. On the so-called Real Contract in the Institutes of Gaius. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2018, n.40, pp.97-122. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552018000100097.

The Institutiones by Gaius sets forth four orders of obligationes ex contractu, according to which these may be concluded by re, verbis, litteris o consensu (Gai. 3,89). When explaining obligatio re contracta, Gaio solely refers to the mutui datio (Gai. 3,90), and then he hesitates whether solutio indebiti (Gai. 3,91) is (unlike the real one) of a contractual nature, which becomes, so to speak, a non-contractual real obligation. In point of fact, Gaius work has no references of other assumptions of re contrahere, apart from the mutuum. The obligatio re contracta notion is fully consistent with other sources of the classical period, since obligation in Roman law is specifically contrahe re by delivery of fungible goods (datio rei), where the restitution of the economic value of those (quanti ea res est) may be enforced by way of condictio, which is a strict legal action. Nonetheless, this situation contrasts with the subsequent Roman traditions, which developed a category of real contracts (contractus re) made up by the mutuum, commodatum, deposit and the pledge that reaches legal concepts that do not entail the delivery of the goods.

Palabras clave : Real contract; obligatio re contracta; mutuum; mutui datio.

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