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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versión impresa ISSN 0716-5455


WEGMANN STOCKEBRAND, Adolfo. Causae Credendi and Obligatio re Contracta in Res Cottidianae. Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2019, n.41, pp.87-109. ISSN 0716-5455.

Unlike the Institutes of Gaius, in which mutui datio stands alone, as the only assumption of obligatio re contracta (Gai. 3,90), the res cottidianae, right after the explanation of this leading legal aspect (D. 44,7,1,2), add the obligations undertaken by the bailee, custodian and the pledgee respectively, by using the generic terms re obligatur and re tenetur (D. 44,7,1,3-6). Nonetheless, the technical term re contrahitur obligatio refers, in this work, to the mutuum. This has encouraged the communis opinio, by which this writing is the starting point for the real contracts category from the Romanistic tradition up to the present day, that is, composed of mutuum, bailment, deposit and lien. However, we believe that in res cottidianae, far from establishing a new concept of re contrahere, it instead confirms its classical structure, restricted to the mutuum and the approach that is verified between the mutuum, on one hand, and the commodatum, depositum and pignus, on the other hand. This is rather driven by the practical need to prove that, from a procedural perspective, the obligation of the bailee, depository and pledgee to reddere is availed through strictly restorative honorary actions, built on the basis of the condictio model that the lender applies against the borrower. Then, these four business activities are linked on the basis of the causae credenda and not on obligations re contractae.

Palabras clave : Causa credendi; obligatio re contracta; res cottidianae; mutuum; bailment; deposit; lien.

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