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Revista de estudios histórico-jurídicos

versão impressa ISSN 0716-5455

Resumo

FORTUNAT STAGL, Jakob. From Roma to Lima: Restitution to a Previous State in the "Derecho Indiano". Rev. estud. hist.-juríd. [online]. 2019, n.41, pp.289-302. ISSN 0716-5455.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-54552019000100289.

The restitution to a previous state (in integrum restitutio) was born in Rome as an institution of procedural law that allows people unable to protect their rights with the restoration of the state or previous legal position. In medieval canon law this institution becomes something like a legal cancer that threatens to replace the law, that is, the uniform rules applied on a regular basis, for equity, that is, the arbitrariness of the competent judge. In the new world, this institution changes course and becomes the theoretical basis for the construction of the legal status of the Indians. This state can be described as a protected person (persona miserabilis) and is a middle term between the most radical alternative between the equalization of the Indians to the other subjects of the King or the deprivation of their rights.

Palavras-chave : In integrum restitution; persona miserabilis; "Derecho Indiano"; Las Casas; Solórzano.

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