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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

KOSOY, ANA; MOLLER, CAROLINA  and  PERDOMO, DEISY. Identification of functionally important acidic residues in transducin by group-specific labeling. Biol. Res. [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.3-4, pp.389-404. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602003000300010.

Transducin (T), a GTP-binding protein involved in phototransduction of rod photoreceptor cells, is a heterotrimer arranged as two units, the a-subunit (Ta) and the bg-complex (Tbg). The role of the carboxyl groups in T was evaluated by labeling with N, N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD) and 1-ethyl 3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). Only a minor effect on the binding of b, g-imido guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GMPpNp) to T was observed in the presence of the hydrophobic carbodiimide, DCCD. Similarly, the GMPpNp binding activity of the reconstituted holoenzyme was not significantly affected when Ta was combined with DCCD-treated Tbg. However, the binding of guanine nucleotides to the reconstituted T was ~50% inhibited when DCCD-labeled Ta was incubated with Tbg. In contrast, treatment of T with the hydrophilic carbodiimide, EDC, completely impaired its GMPpNp-binding ability. EDC-modified T was incapable of interacting with illuminated rhodopsin, as determined by sedimentation experiments. However, rhodopsin only partially protected against the inactivation of T. Additionally, analyses of trypsin digestion patterns showed that fluoroaluminate was not capable of activating the EDC-labeled T sample. The function of the reconstituted holoenzyme was also disrupted when EDC-modified Ta was combined with Tbg, and when EDC-treated Tbg was incubated with Ta

Keywords : Chemical modification; G-protein-coupled signaling; group-specific labeling; transducin; visual process.

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