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Biological Research

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CARRILLO, JUAN C; OJEDA, VERÓNICA A; CAMPOS-DE QUIROZ, HUGO A  and  ORTEGA, FERNANDO M. Optimization of a protocol for direct organogenesis of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) meristems for breeding purposes. Biol. Res. [online]. 2004, vol.37, n.1, pp.45-51. ISSN 0716-9760.

A series of experiments were carried out in order to optimize a protocol for the direct organogenesis of Chilean red clover germplasm. A range of cultivars were used to analyze the effect of explant source (crown or stem meristems of vegetative plants), culture media and plant growth regulators. Our findings showed that stem meristems were easier to obtain, presented lower levels of contamination and a better development than crown meristems. The L2 medium showed better results than B5 and MS media for the cultivars and experimental lines studied. L2 medium supplemented with 0.003 mg/l of 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid and 1.0 mg/l of 6-benzylaminopurine gave consistently better results and will be applied in our breeding program to propagate, maintain and eliminate viruses from elite red clover clones.

Keywords : In vitro culture; meristem culture; red clover; Trifolium pratense L.

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