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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

ARACENA, PAULA; AGUIRRE, PABLA; MUNOZ, PABLO  and  NUNEZ, MARCO T. Iron and glutathione at the crossroad of redox metabolism in neurons. Biol. Res. [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.1, pp.157-165. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602006000100017.

Neurons, as non-dividing cells, encounter a myriad of stressful conditions throughout their lifespan. In particular, there is increasing evidence that iron progressively accumulates in the brain with age and that iron-induced oxidative stress is the cause of several forms of neurodegeneration. Here, we review recent evidence that gives support to the following notions: 1) neuronal iron accumulation leads to oxidative stress and cell death; 2) neuronal survival to iron accumulation associates with decreased expression of the iron import transporter DMT1 and increased expression of the efflux transporter IREG1; and 3) the adaptive process of neurons towards iron-induced oxidative stress includes a marked increase in both the expression of the catalytic subunit of gamma glutamate-cysteine ligase and glutathione. These findings may help to understand aging-related neurodegeneration hallmarks: oxidative damage, functional impairment and cell death.

Keywords : neurons; iron metabolism; iron accumulation; oxidative stress; glutathione metabolism; neurodegeneration.

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