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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

DIAZ-GRIFFERO, FELIPE; ESPINOZA CANCINO, CARMEN; MEDINA AREVALO, CONSUELO  and  ARCE-JOHNSON, PATRICIO. Expression of the crucifer-infecting TMV-Cg movement protein in tobacco plants complements in trans a TMV-U1 trafficking-deficient mutant. Biol. Res. [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.2, pp.269-279. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602006000200009.

Tobamovirus movement proteins play a determinant role in the establishment of infections in plants, allowing the local movement of viral RNA genome through plasmodesmatas. We expressed the movement protein (MP) of the crucifer- and garlic-infecting Tobacco Mosaic Virus strain Cg (TMV-Cg) in both resistant Xanthi NN and sensitive Xanthi nn Nicotiana tabacum plants. MP-Cg function was assayed by inoculating transgenic plants with a trafficking-deficient mutant of TMV strain U1. Following infection, local necrotic lesions were developed in resistant transgenic plants, and a systemic infection was produced in sensitive tobaccos. Thus, movement function of the mutant virus was complemented in trans by MP-Cg expressed in transgenic plants, causing the same symptoms as wild-type strain. We demonstrated that the function of MP-U1 could be replaced efficiently by MP-Cg, even though these proteins share only 36% of identity. Similar hydrophobic patterns of MP-Cg and MP-U1 suggests structure and function conservations of both proteins. This work is an example of how two tobamoviruses differing in their host range help to understand viral movement mechanism during the infection

Keywords : movement protein; crucifer-infecting tobamovirus; viral complementation.

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