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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

NESPOLO, ROBERTO F; CASTANEDA, LUIS E  and  ROFF, DEREK A. Quantitative genetic variation of metabolism in the nymphs of the sand cricket, Gryllus firmus, inferred from an analysis of inbred-lines. Biol. Res. [online]. 2007, vol.40, n.1, pp.5-12. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602007000100001.

Compared with morphological and life history traits, quantitative genetic variation of metabolic and related traits in animals has been poorly studied. We used flow-through VC02 respirometry and simultaneous activity measurement on nymphs of the sand cricket {Gryllus firmus) from inbred lines to estimate broad-sense heritability of four metabolic variables. In addition, we measured a number of linear dimensions in the adults from the same inbred lines. There were significant multivariate effects of inbred lines for all traits and broad-sense heritability for physiological traits was 4.5%, 5.2%, 10.3% and 8.5% for average, resting, minimum and maximum C02 production in nymphs, respectively. Though the MANOVA indicated significant genetic variation among inbred lines in adult morphology, the broad-sense heritabilities were relatively low ranging from 0-18%. Our results indicate that the heritabilities of metabolic measures are large enough to potentially respond to selection

Keywords : broad-sense heritability; metabolic rate; insects; inbred lines; through-flow C02 respirometry.

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