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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

ZHENG, LIHONG et al. Y Chromosomal STR Polymorphism in Northern Chinese Populations. Biol. Res. [online]. 2009, vol.42, n.4, pp.497-504. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602009000400011.

Y chromosomal STRs show sufficient variability among individduals in a population and a high degree of geographical differentiation, such that their polymorphic character makes them especially suited for population genetic studies. To investígate the polymorphism of a set of 17 Y-STR loci in northern China, we genotyped the 17 Y chromosomal STR loci in a population sample of 377 unrelated males from eight ethnic populations in northern China. We calculated the haplotype frequencies, Rst value and carried out the analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA). We then drew the multidimensional scaling analysis (MDS) plot and phylogenetic tree based on the Rst value. All populations showed a high level of haplotype diversity, with low inter-population variance as measured by an analysis of molecular variance. However, the genetic distances were significant when the eight populations were compared to other populations. By MDS and the phylogenetic tree, we found that the eight populations had a close relationship and Xibo had a northeast origination.

Keywords : China; population; STR; Y chromosome.

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