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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

DZOYEM, Jean P. et al. Cytotoxicity, nitric oxide and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of three limonoids isolated from Trichilia welwitschii (Meliaceae). Biol. Res. [online]. 2015, vol.48, pp.1-6. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/S40659-015-0049-0.

BACKGROUND: Limonoids are highly oxygenated compounds with a prototypical structure. Their occurrence in the plant kingdom is mainly confined to plant families of Meliaceae and Rutaceae. Owing to their wide range of pharmacological and therapeutic properties, this study was aimed at investigating the potential nitric oxide (NO) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity and the cytotoxicity of three limonoids: trichilia lactone D5 (1), rohituka 3 (2) and dregeanin DM4 (3), isolated from Trichilia welwitschii C.DC RESULTS: Results indicated that the three limonoids had low cytotoxicity towards Vero cells with LC50 values ranging from 89.17 to 75.82 (μg/L. Compounds (2) and (3) had lower cytotoxicity compared to puromycin and doxorubicin used as reference cytotoxic compounds. Compound (1) (LC50 of 23.55 (μg/L) had good antiproliferative activity against RAW 264.7 cancer cells. At the lowest concentration tested (0.5 μg/mL), compound (2) and (3) released the lowest amount of nitric oxide (2.97 and 2.93 μM, respectively). The three limonoids had anti-AChE activity with IC50 values ranged of 19.13 (μg/L for (1), 34.15 (μg/L for (2) and 45.66 (μg/L for (3), compared to galantamine (IC50 of 8.22 ( g/mL) used as positive control CONCLUSION: The limonoid compounds studied in this work inhibited nitric oxide production in LPS-stimulated macrophages and had anti-AChE activity. Trichilia lactone D5 had potential antiproliferative activity against RAW 264.7 cancer cells. The limonoids had low cytotoxicity towards Vero cells lines. This study provided further examples of the importance of limonoids compounds as potential AChE inhibitors and anti-inflammatory agents targeting the inhibition of NO production

Keywords : Trichilia welwitschii; Cytotoxicity; Acetylcholinesterase; Nitric oxide; Limonoids.

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