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Biological Research

Print version ISSN 0716-9760

Abstract

AKRAM, Muhammad; IQBAL, Mehwish; DANIYAL, Muhammad  and  KHAN, Asmat Ullah. Awareness and current knowledge of breast cancer. Biol. Res. [online]. 2017, vol.50, 33.  Epub Oct 30, 2017. ISSN 0716-9760.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40659-017-0140-9.

Breast cancer remains a worldwide public health dilemma and is currently the most common tumour in the globe. Awareness of breast cancer, public attentiveness, and advancement in breast imaging has made a positive impact on recognition and screening of breast cancer. Breast cancer is life-threatening disease in females and the leading cause of mortality among women population. For the previous two decades, studies related to the breast cancer has guided to astonishing advancement in our understanding of the breast cancer, resulting in further proficient treatments. Amongst all the malignant diseases, breast cancer is considered as one of the leading cause of death in post menopausal women accounting for 23% of all cancer deaths. It is a global issue now, but still it is diagnosed in their advanced stages due to the negligence of women regarding the self inspection and clinical examination of the breast. This review addresses anatomy of the breast, risk factors, epidemiology of breast cancer, pathogenesis of breast cancer, stages of breast cancer, diagnostic investigations and treatment including chemotherapy, surgery, targeted therapies, hormone replacement therapy, radiation therapy, complementary therapies, gene therapy and stem-cell therapy etc for breast cancer.

Keywords : Breast cancer; Chemotherapy; Gene therapy; Stem cell therapy.

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