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Revista chilena de anatomía

Print version ISSN 0716-9868

Abstract

LONGO BULL, Marilena  and  FERNANDES BOARO MARTINS, Márcia Regina. STUDY OF THE ARTERIAL CORONARY CIRCULATION IN THE DOG (Canis familiaris). Rev. chil. anat. [online]. 2002, vol.20, n.2, pp.117-123. ISSN 0716-9868.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-98682002000200001.

Study on arterial coronary circulation was performed in 30 dog hearts, by using the dissection and clearing techniques. We observed that the heart is supplied by the right coronary artery (a. coronaria dextra) and three branches of the left coronary artery ( a. coronaria sinistra): paraconal interventricular ( ramus interventricularis paraconalis), septal ( ramus septales ) and circumflex arteries (ramus circumflexus). The left coronary artery arose from a trunk in the ventral aortic sinus and, when there was no trunk formation, it was found two different origins in the aorta, corresponding to the circumflex and paraconal interventricular arteries. The latter, after originating right anterior ventricular, left anterior ventricular and septal ventricular arteries, ended next to the heart apex. The circumflex artery presented its course to the left up to the atrial face, where it ended as subsinuous interventricular artery. Arising from the circumflex artery, it was found the auricular ( rami auricularis), ventricular ( rami ventricularis) and septal (rami septales) branches and branches to the atrio-ventricular node ( nodus atrio-ventricularis). The septal artery (ramus septales) was observed to be originated from the paraconal interventricular artery, with lower frequence of the left coronary artery and in two cases of the circumflex artery. The right coronary artery presented no arterial trunk. In that place, there were two separate origins in the aorta or 2-3 origins in a common sinus. This artery emitted auricular, ventricular branches and to the atrio-ventricular node

Keywords : Anatomy; Heart; Coronary artery; Dog.

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