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Cinta de moebio

versión On-line ISSN 0717-554X

Resumen

TORRES, Felipe. Approaches to the knowledge of the social: between social theory and sociology. Cinta moebio [online]. 2016, n.55, pp.106-120. ISSN 0717-554X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-554X2016000100008.

Is there a distinction between social theory and sociology? Perhaps one of the most general features in sociological thinking is that it is an inquiry to develop holistic explanations for social reality. In this sense, there is a kind of universality of social knowledge in its scientific and philosophical dimensions, and is one of its main purposes for the operation of sociology as a "science of modernity". Next, I will develop a brief reconstruction of meaning which is attributed to science in the modern world, followed by the emergence of an specialized explanation of social reality under the name of social theory, as a result of philosophical conclusions that finish it with Hegel on the one side, and it focuses on a differentiated scientific knowledge as a product of modernity itself, on the other hand. Finally, and following this, I will establish the specific role played by sociology and social theory in this context, by considering that the first describes itself as a science of society-modernity and the second has a critical direction to sociability answers and is specifically linked with political-normative approaches.

Palabras clave : social theory; sociology; modernity; universalism; reason; enlightenment.

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