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Gayana. Botánica

versión On-line ISSN 0717-6643


RIVERA, PATRICIO; CRUCES, FABIOLA  y  ECTOR, LUC. Comments and observations on the diatom Craspedostauros indubitabilis (Lange-Bertalot & Genkal) E.J. Cox found for the first time in marine coastal waters of Chile. Gayana Bot. [online]. 2011, vol.68, n.2, pp.123-128. ISSN 0717-6643.

Specimens of Craspedostauros indubitabilis (Lange-Bertalot & Genkal) E.J. Cox from a sample taken in Bahía Salada, Caldera, Chile (27°38'S-71°00'W) were acid cleaned and examined by light and electron microscopy. The genus and the species are reported for the first time from Chilean marine coastal waters. Craspedostauros was described in 1999 by Cox for some marine biraphid diatoms previously placed in Stauroneis Ehrenberg and Stauronella Mereschkowsky. The genus is recognized by its cribrate areolae, narrow stauros, numerous girdle bands and two chloroplasts fore and aft of the central cytoplasm. According to the Chilean material, Craspedostauros indubitabilis is characterized by its linear-elliptic to lanceolate valves usually with rounded ends, the striae (22-30 in 10 μΓη) are parallel in the valve centre and slightly convergent near the apices, the areolae adjacent to the raphe are much larger than over the rest of the valve, each areolae is occluded by 3 to 13 pores, and a knob of silica separates the central internal raphe endings. A diagnosis is here included for this taxon based on the characteristics observed in the Chilean material. The presented photomicrographs aim to provide information about the main morphological features.

Palabras clave : Craspedostauros indubitabilis; Bacillariophyceae; morphology; taxonomy; distribution; Chile.

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