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ARQ (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-6996


CARDEMIL PEREZ, Francisco. Testimonio y cicatriz de la ciudad. Mecanismos para el Santiago neoliberal del Estado de Excepción de 1973. ARQ (Santiago) [online]. 2018, n.98, pp.155-159. ISSN 0717-6996.

The social housing issue in Chile had one of its most complex phases in the second half of the 20th century. During this period, the Operaciones Confraternidad were implemented, as a first response to social housing during the dictatorship, their execution and implementation both were questioned and resented, according the opposition press at the time. These operations mainly consisted of uprooting people and were applied in many comunas over the Grand Santiago area. The declared objective was the eradication of extreme poverty, turning the common population into homeowners.

The execution of these Operations seemed to differ from case to case. This study tests three of the mechanisms that could identify the underlying neoliberal strategies of the Operaciones Confraternidad. These mechanisms consist of: legal exceptions, meaning, the suppresion of law in certain territories to achieve specific goals; real estate speculation; and, finally, the Pinochetist geopolitics, which refers to an urban development view that understands the city as a self-regulating organism that grows towards its peripheral areas. Through the object as a means of accounting for the uprooting of the poor, this study will clarify these mechanisms and the similarities that link and communicate ideological objectives, the true objectives behind the eradication of poverty.

Palabras clave : poverty eradication; uprooting; object; legal exceptions; Operaciones Confraternidad.

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