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Historia (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7194

Abstract

LLORCA-JANA, Manuel; ORTIZ, Claudio Robles; NAVARRETE-MONTALVO, Juan  and  VALENZUELA, Roberto Araya. La agricultura y la élite agraria chilena a través de los catastros agrícolas, c. 1830-1855. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2017, vol.50, n.2, pp.597-639. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-71942017000200597.

This article assesses the state of the agrarian sector and the composition of the Chilean agrarian elite during the first half of the nineteenth century, a rather unexplored period in Chile's agrarian historiography. We have used several untapped sources such as the Catastro Agrícola and El Agricultor. From the former we have built and processed a half a million records database. From the former we have built and processed a database consisting of half a million records from the first three agricultural censuses of 1832, 1838 and 1852. We have explained why the agricultural sector was so backwards in Chile, while also established a very unequal distribution of both land tenure and agricultural income. Finally, our results show a great persistence within the composition of the agrarian elites between late colonial times and the first decades of republican Chile, as well as a significant correlation between the large landowners with highest agricultural income and the political elite.

Keywords : Chile; nineteenth century; agriculture; cadastre; elites; landowners; inequality.

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