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Historia (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7194

Abstract

DAVIES LENOBLE, Geraldine. La resistencia de la ganadería: Los pehuenches en la economía regional de Cuyo y la cordillera (1840-1870). Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2019, vol.52, n.2, pp.341-372. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-71942019000200341.

In this article I examine the role of the Pehuenches in a regional economy characterized by strong inter-ethnic and trans-Andean developments. Within an increasingly violent frontier context on both sides of the Andes Mountains, and new market dynamics, the Pehuenches of Cuyo and Neuquén were key actors in the ranching industry, supplying cattle to the Chilean and Mapuche markets. The lonkos administered access to multiethnic actors to its land, guaranteeing resources, protection and security. This phenomenon also helped the Pehuenches maintain their autonomy. By analyzing diverse state sources, indigenous correspondence and the literature on the subject, this article examines the multiple economic logics of the people involved in the productive and demographic development of the region under study. Furthermore, it contributes to the dialogue between Argentine and Chilean literatures.

Keywords : Argentina; Chile; Mendoza; Nineteenth century; Pehuenches; Frontier; Cattle-ranching; Capitalism.

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