SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.26 número1Nomogramas de ecuaciones de referencia espirométrica SER 2009Tumorlet pulmonar: ¿Una entidad infrecuente? índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartir


Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

OYARZUN G, MANUEL. Air pollution an its effects on health. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.1, pp.16-25. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73482010000100004.

The term “air pollution” comprises a wide variety of chemical and biological components of the outdoor and indoor atmosphere. Air pollution and its effect on human health is critically reviewed in this article with emphasis in the situation of inhabitants of Chilean cities with critical high levels of atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric contaminants that are hazardous for the human health are “breathable” particulate matter (PM10;PM2,5 and PM0,1) and gaseous chemicals such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Indoor air contains a variety of noxious compounds derived from multiple sources, being cigarette smoking, heating and cooking appliances, and biological agents and its sub-products the principal ones. Exposure to air pollutants can increase not only morbidity but also mortality rate as well as increasing the number of hospital admissions for patients with respiratory or cardiovascular symptoms. Air pollution is important in determining the quality of life particularly in infants, ageing persons and patients affected by respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Health professionals should advocate for a cleaner outdoor and indoor atmosphere through the dissemination of our knowledge about the respiratory and non-respiratory effects of air contamination.

Palabras clave : Urban air pollution; indoor air pollution; air quality Chilean standards; respiratory system; cardiovascular; airborne particulate matter.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons