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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

ARAOS B, JOAQUÍN et al. Intra-tracheal instillation of gastric juice in the rat: time course of histological changes. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.1, pp.7-14. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73482014000100002.

Introduction: Aspiration of gastric content is associated with a wide range of clinical conditions (acute lung injury, severe interstitial pneumonia or bronchiolitis obliterans following lung transplantation). Objective: To study the course of histological alterations in a model of intra-tracheal instillation of gastric juice in rats. Methods: Anesthetized rats were euthanized at different times: 4, 12 and 24 hours and 4 and 7 days after intratacheal (IT) instillation of gastric juice. Animals that were not intervened served as controls. The right inferior lobe was studied (H-E) and a histological injury score was given according to a recently published score system. Results: Between 4-24 h an inflammatory-hemorragic pattern with bronchiol-centric distribution was characterized by a large proportion of neutrophils in both alveoli and interstitium, alveolarfluid accumulation, proteinaceous material andfew hyaline membranes. Between 4 and 7 days, mononuclear cells were more prevalent, the hemorrhagic component disappeared, the percentage of abnormal bronchioles was significantly reduced and there was organization of the alveolar infiltrate, with Masson bodies, granulomas and giant cells associated with gastric juice particles. Conclusions: In rats, IT instillation of gastric juice induces diffuse alveolar damage that evolves towards an early granulomatous interstitial pneumonia along with lax fibrous tissue. Knowledge of the temporary course of the pulmonary responses helps to the understanding of the consequences of the several clinical conditions that favor gastric content aspiration.

Palabras clave : Aspiration; animal model; histological score; rat lung.

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