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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

NUNEZ C, MARIETTA  y  MACKENNEY P, JORGE. Asthma and exercise: A literature review. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.1, pp.27-36. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73482015000100004.

Patients with asthma may show lower exercise tolerance due to asthma symptoms during exercise and/or exercise-induced asthma and other reasons, such as lack of fitness due to inactivity. Some may also restrict physical activities misconceptions about exercise and asthma in education centers, family and environment which may limit the development of the child. The evidence indicates that aerobic exercise improves aerobic capacity in asthmatic children and adolescents and can provide normal, similar to healthy patients, levels of aerobic capacity in this population. Advances in cardio-respiratory fitness are beneficial for the prevention of several concomitant diseases of childhood asthma, as obesity and mental disorders. As to the effects of physical training on pulmonary function in asthmatic children and adolescents, despite the existence of evidence of improvement in some reviews, most studies have not shown a significant change in spirometric markers of obstructive lung diseases. The major benefit of the exercise in asthmatic patients is in the quality of life, as associated with a significant improvement in quality of life (scores Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, PAQLQ) in all areas evaluated (activity, symptoms and emotional function), according to various reviews. The aim of this review is to evaluate the effects of exercise in asthmatic patients and to give recommendations based on this evidence.

Palabras clave : Asthma; exercise; aerobic exercise; exercise-induced asthma; quality of life; aerobic capacity.

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