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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

BELLO S, SERGIO et al. Experience of a smoking cessation program from a Chilean chest hospital. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.94-100. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73482015000200004.

Background: Tobacco use is one of the main preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. This report presents the experience of the smoking cessation team from the National Thorax Institute (Instituto Nacional del Tórax-Chile). Patients and Method: A clinical series of patients treated between April 2013 and March 2014, with one-year follow-up was studied. Intervention was based on seven group sessions, with a cognitive behavioral viewpoint and pharmacological treatment (mainly varenicline). Follow-up was done through telephone calls at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Descriptive statistics and X2 test were used. Results: Eighty-seven patients were treated, mean age 54 years, 63% women; 79% had a pack year index over 20; 28% had depression and 16% had COPD. 59% received varenicline. Self-reported abstinence for 12 months was 37%. No significant differences between high risk groups were found. Conclusion: The smoking cessation program done at the National Thorax Institute shows that it is feasible to implement this type of programs in the public health system of Chile with results comparable to those internationally published.

Palabras clave : Smoking cessation; varenicline; cognitive behavioral therapy.

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