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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

SEIJAS B., Daniel. Combination therapy for nicotine dependence control. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, pp.216-218. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-73482017000300216.

This therapy is a combination of medicines consisting of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) using a prolonged modality such as the patch, along with a short-acting medicine such as chewing gum, lozenge, gum, or nasal inhaler). This means two or more drugs approved and demonstrated useful for cessation of smoking with or without the support of NRT. It is very important to consider medical and psychiatric comorbidity because the population that persists addicted is increasingly complex in terms of comorbidities and high addictive level. Most of the combination therapies use NRT associated with bupropion or varenicline. There is evidence on the effectiveness and safety of TRN used in both modalitres (long and short acting) in combination with varenicline or bupropion. However, safety evidence is not robust for the combination modality as it is for, each drug as monotherapy, since adverse effects are added so it is suggested to reserve the combinations for people with high level of addiction and / or history of failure in previous attempts with monotherapy. In summary, therapy with demonstrated effectiveness as NRT, bupropion and varenicline can be used in double or triple combination, prefering the use of short acting NRT added to one of the oral drugs to alleviate smoking anxiety.

Palabras clave : Smoking cessation; Tobacco use cessation products; Bupropion; Nicotine; Varenicline.

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