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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

ERAZO B., Marcia; BUROTTO P., Mauricio  y  GORMAZ A., Juan Guillermo. Lung cancer the worst effect of smoking. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, pp.219-221. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-73482017000300219.

Lung cancer is the first cancer death in Chile. Globally accounts for more than 8 million annual deaths, of the new cases of cancer, more than 6 million are smoking related, making smoking the most important cancer risk factor and cause of about 20% of the global cancer-related mortality. The incidence of lung cancer is directly related to smoking exposure level during life, exposure that increases the risk of this disease up to 30 times. This risk decreases exponentially with smoking cessation, especially if it occurs in early life stages. In Chile, 85% of lung cancers in men and 40% in women would be explained by smoking, equivalent to 1926 per year, being recommended to conduct brief counseling according to the Clinical Guidelines for the Treatment of Smoking in Chile 2017, and if it is not possible to refer all smokers with cancer to smoking cessation therapy that may be by telephone Salud Responde, MINSAL 6003607777, the number is in the cigarette packets.

Palabras clave : Lung neoplasm; smoking cessation; smoking.

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