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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

SOTO I., Néstor. Smoking and Diabetes. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, pp.222-224. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-73482017000300222.

Tobacco exerts damage in patients with diabetes mellitus by accelerating chronic complications, increasing the risk of global and cardiovascular mortality. Quitting smoking produces risk reduction. In addition, both active and passive smoking increases the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Exposure to tobacco during pregnancy can also predispose to the development of diabetes of daughters and gestational diabetes in mothers. A study in diabetes mellitus 1 compared a US cohort with a European cohort, showed that smokers have significantly higher levels of HbAlc and a lipid profile with a higher level of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol. For all these reasons it is urgent to brief counsel or provide ABC-D, according to the First Clinical Practice Guidelines of Tobacco Treatment, Chile, 2017 for all diabetic patients, whether in outpatient or hospital care.

Palabras clave : Smoking; tobacco smoke pollution; Diabetes Mellitus Type 2; Diabetes Gestational.

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