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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

ARANCIBIA H., Francisco. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and smoking. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, pp.225-229. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-73482017000300225.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem worldwide, caused mainly by tobacco consumption. In Chile, the prevalence of COPD is 16.9% in persons over 40 years of age. In patients with COPD, the prevalence of active smoking is greater and ranges from 29% to 48%. The cessation of smoking in patients with COPD is the most effective measure to stop the progression of the disease and achieve clinical and spirometric benefits. The treatment of these patients should be mixed, which includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacological treatment, because it is more cost-effective.

Palabras clave : Smoking; tobacco use; Pulmonary Disease; Chronic Obstructive; Disease Progression.

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