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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7348

Resumen

STUARDO T., Lisandro  y  BAMBS S., Claudia. Smoking cessation in the hospitalized patient. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, pp.242-245. ISSN 0717-7348.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-73482017000300242.

Hospitalization is a valuable opportunity for smoking cessation. In Chile this opportunity is wasted. The need to hospitalize is determined by diseases often caused by smoking, this scenario allows the patient to assess not only the consequences of this addiction, but also the importance of stopping tobacco consumption. During hospitalization, the nicotine withdrawal syndrome appears, whose recognition and management is essential to avoid habitual complications: anxiety or delirium. For all of the above mentioned reasons, it is necessary the adequate confrontation of smoking in the hospitalized patient, which is recognized by international accreditation bodies as Joint Commission. A Cochrane metaanalysis 2012 concluded that the two pillars of effective interventions were the multimodal character (counseling and pharmacological treatment), and ambulatory follow-up for more than one month after discharge. The central elements of a brief counseling can be summarized in ABC, where A: ask about smoking; B: give brief advice stating the importance of quitting, and C: provide support for cessation for motivated patients. Although the above-mentioned interventions involve resources for pharmacological support, there seems to be no excuse for implementing simple interventions in Chilean hospitals, such as documenting the smoking status of each patient and offering brief counseling.

Palabras clave : Smoking; smoking cessation; hospitalization; counseling; Substance Withdrawal Syndrome.

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