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Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias

On-line version ISSN 0717-7348


CIUDAD A., Daniel; BRAVO S., Gabriela; CONTRERAS A., Linrayén  and  HUENUL V., Yocelin. Effect of decisional conflict on the control of asthma in scholars from 10 to 14 years old. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.3, pp.169-175. ISSN 0717-7348.


The number of asthmatic patients attending the public health system is increasing. However, the rate of adherence to treatment is very low. Adolescents have the largest percentage of abandonment to treatment, lack of control and a great decisional conflict (DC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the application of counseling on the DC in relation to asthma treatment and the level of control of their disease.

Materials and Methods:

Pre-experimental study that recruited 32 asthmatic children from 10 to 14 years-old, from the children's respiratory outpatients clinic of Carlos Van Buren hospital in Valparaíso, Chile. Only 15 children were willing to participate in the study and completed all of the counseling sessions. To determine the degree of DC of its pathology, the Ottawa Decision Conflict Scale was applied; and for the Asthma Control level, the Global Initiative for Asthma Scale (GINA) was used.


Mean children age was 12.06 ± 1.16 years-old. After the intervention, the level of Asthma Control was maintained and the mean of the DC decrease from 34.05 ± 4.59 to 18.02 ± 3.01 points (p < 0.05; paired Student's t-test). 73.3% of the patients lowered their level of decisional conflict.


The counseling of decision support proved to have positive effects on the population studied.

Keywords : Asthma; Adolescent; Counseling; Outpatients; Decisional Health Conflict.

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