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vol.31 número2LA CERÁMICA DE ARICA 40 AÑOS DESPUÉS DE DAUELSBERGAGUA, TERRITORIO Y MALOSTRATOS: ESPACIOS DE CONFLICTO ENTRE AYLLU Y PRINCIPALES. TACNA SIGLO XVIII índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

BALLEREAU, Dominique; NIEMEYER FERNANDEZ, Hans  y  PIZARRO WILLIAMS, Eduardo. LOS SITIOS RUPESTRES DEL VALLE DEL RÍO HURTADO SUPERIOR (NORTE CHICO, CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 1999, vol.31, n.2, pp.229-292. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73561999000100003.

We describe and analyze nine rock art sites in the upper valley of the river Hurtado, a northern tributary of the Limarí river (Norte Chico). These sites can be divided into five sectors, between San Agustín and the village of Chañar. After describing briefly the physical geography and the prehistory of the region, we review these nine sites and describe the most typical engravings: masks and mask-like motifs, human and animal figures and geometric designs. The richest sites are San Agustín and Pabellón. The engravings are fully displayed in 40 plates which include 81 mask-like motifs, 80 human figures and 93 four-footed animals. The most frequent geometric designs are circles with a central point or with two perpendicular diameters. Morphological and quantitative comparisons are made with the sites of the cerro La Silla and the upper valley of the river Illapel. The mask-like forms are statistically analyzed using a model based on five groups of typological criteria related to: (1) the appearance -realistic or stylized- of the representation, (2) the shape of its outline, (3) presence or absence of external ornament, (4) primary (eyes, nose, mouse) or secondary structural features (decorations), and (5) reticulated structures. These mask-like forms are found to differ among themselves and from those of the upper valley of the río Illapel: 70% are stylized. A review of the masklike forms of the Norte Chico enables us to define the particular characteristics of the "Hurtado" Style, similar to the "Limarí" Style which has previously been defined by Niemeyer (1977). We then analyze the ergological material (dressed or polished stones, ceramics (general shape and painted designs), shells and metal objects) exhibited in the museums of Norte Chico from the point of view of their shape, in order to look for similarities with certain engravings of our rock art sites. We find no relationship between the forms of the engravings and the artifacts, and this rock art must have had a particular role, though this is unknown. Lastly, we raise a possible link between the engravings and shaman-istic practices, owing to which the shaman intercedes for the common good of society

Palabras clave : Petrogloyphs; Limarí Style; mascariform; anthropomorphic and abstract figures; northern Chile semi-arid.

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