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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356


LLAGOSTERA M, Agustín. CHINCHORRO MUMMIFICATION PATTERNS IN THE UHLE AND NIELSEN COLLECTIONS. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2003, vol.35, n.1, pp.5-22. ISSN 0717-7356.

Two collections of mummified human bodies ascribed to the Chinchorro Complex from Chile were analyzed. One collection was produced by the German archaeologist Max Uhle who excavated along the coast of Arica. The other was collected by the Danish amateur archaeologist Ancker Nielsen in the Iquique area. Both collections were assembled during the first decades of the 20th century. The author graphically described and reconstructed the information about the mummies as rigorously as possible within the limits of what was possible to discover. Two mummification patterns were identified based on the materials used for filling the bodies, either reeds or clay. The first pattern, has not been previously described and stands out due to its complexity. In addition, in this type, the skin was repositioned as bandages and fine cords were used for wrapping the trunk and/or extremities. One mummy from the Uhle collection was radiocarbon dated to 3690 + 60 B.P. Consequently, the Uhle collection and its funerary taxidermy patterns could be ascribed to late manifestations within the Chinchorro Complex

Palabras clave : Max Uhle; Ancker Nielsen; Chinchorro complex; coastal archaic of northern Chile; complex mummification; Arica and Iquique archaeology; Max Uhle; Ancker Nielsen.

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