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vol.35 número1EL GÉNERO DEYEUXIA (POACEAE, AGROSTIDEAE) EN SITIOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS DE LA PUNA MERIDIONAL ARGENTINA, PROVINCIA DE CATAMARCAPRODUCTOS Y ORGANIZACIÓN TÉCNICA DEL TRABAJO EN AZAPA DURANTE EL SIGLO XVIII: PONIENDO CHACRA DE AJÍ, COGIENDO ACEITUNAS índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

VILLAGRAN, Carolina; ROMO, Marcela  y  CASTRO, Victoria. ETHNOBOTANY OF THE SOUTHERN ANDES WITHIN THE FIRST REGION OF CHILE: A CONNECTION BETWEEN ALTIPLANO CULTURES AND THE HIGH CANYONS OF THE SUPERIOR LOA. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2003, vol.35, n.1, pp.73-124. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562003000100005.

Historically, the Andean territorial boundary between Regions I and II of Chile has functioned as a link between diverse Andean cultures. Here, we present an ethnobotanical study from this region which indicates that for the consulted flora (146 taxa) we registered 384 common names, with the majority of these being of Aymara-Quechua origin (70%). A total of 228 uses of the flora were recorded (90%), distributed among fodder (36%), medicine (31%) and food (10%). Our results indicate: (a) A predominance of Aymara-Quechua common names and ethnocategories closer to the nomenclature of Region I (Tarapacá); (b) Ethnoclassifications with up to three nested levels; (c) Frequent use of opposed complementary terms, in both species distinction criteria and therapeutical procedures; (d) Ceremonial uses of species similar to northernmost Chile and Bolivia as well as in the Upper Loa; (e) Site heterogeneity, between the communities of the Ollagüe area and the residents of Pica, regarding ceremonial uses as well as common names. These features characterize the area as transitional between the Altiplano cultures of the Tarapacá Region (I) and those from the high altitude canyons, of the Antofagasta Region (II

Palabras clave : Andean ethnobotany; northern Chile; cultural transition.

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