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vol.35 número2PROPOSICIÓN DE ESTILOS PARA EL ARTE RUPESTRE DEL VALLE DE PUTAENDO, CURSO SUPERIOR DEL RÍO ACONCAGUA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

STANDEN, Vivien G.. FUNERARY GOODS FROM CHINCHORRO MORRO 1 CEMETERY: DESCRIPTION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2003, vol.35, n.2, pp.175-207. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562003000200002.

In this paper we describe the funerary contexts associated to 134 individuals from the Chinchorro cemetery Morro 1 (5,400-3,700 a.p.), in northernmost Chile. We identified 301 funerary goods, with those individuals with natural mummification showing the higher number and variety of objects (n = 184/2,3 objects per individual), followed by individuals with a sand cover (n = 39/2,1 objects per individual) and finally those with artificial mummification (n = 23/0,6 objects per individual). In addition we found 55 cultural records of objects in disturbed areas without association to a particular individual. The funerary objects correspond to: (1) clothing and body ornaments; (2) tools associated to the exploitation of marine resources: for hunting, fishing, and gathering; (3) tools associated to hunting of terrestrial resources; (4) miscellaneous material such as leather bags, and skins of camelids, birds and see mammals. Those objects associated to hunting activities are significantly more frequent than those associated to fishing and gathering of resources. Women are associated to fishing tools while men are associated to hunting tools. This patterned distribution of funerary objects seems to reflect a social order linked to the existence of different sexual roles in the Chinchorro society. Finally, we discuss general aspects associated to the chronology of the site, exchange activities with Andean hunters, diet, subsistence, and origin of archaic populations.

Palabras clave : Chinchorro tradition; funerary contex; sexual differentiation; clothing; economic activities; exchange.

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