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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

HIDALGO, Jorge; CASTRO, Nelson  y  GONZALEZ, Soledad. THE REVISITA TO CODPA (HIGHLAND OF ARICA) 1772-73, REALIZED BY CORREGIDOR DEMETRIO EGAN. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2004, vol.36, n.1, pp.103-112. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562004000100005.

In this study we demonstrate that the social unit named the "Chiefdom of Codpa" was a colonial construction of the 17th century, as a consequence of interrelated but independent social forces that merge in a social process that was convenient for the Andean farmers of different origin that integrated this community. Along with this study we publish a colonial document, which is part of a series of other document of similar nature, as the "Revisita en los Altos de Arica" carried out by the royal officer Joaquín de Cárdenas in 1750, published in a modest edition of 100 copies, in 1978. Both revisitas are separated in time by 22 years, and took place in the same geographic and social setting. The revisita of Egan to Codpa is comparable with contemporaneous inspections to other chiefdoms in the Corregimiento of Arica realized by this Corregidor , and allow us to analyze the politics and behavior of this personage, as well as to shed light on the social condition of the Corregimiento in general. The value of historic documents emanates from the information they contain regarded to a particular society in time. The document we publish here contains a great amount of demographic information as well as issues linked to political organization in the colonial time covered by the document (second half of 18th century)

Palabras clave : Indian local colonial history; 17th and XVIIIth centuries; Codpa; Arica.

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