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vol.37 número1HACIA UNA SEMIÓTICA DEL ARTE RUPESTRE DE LA CUENCA SUPERIOR DEL RÍO ACONCAGUA, CHILE CENTRALALERO LAS MORRENAS 1: EVIDENCIAS DE CULTÍGENOS ENTRE CAZADORES RECOLECTORES DE FINALES DEL PERÍODO ARCAICO EN CHILE CENTRAL índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

GAVIRA MARQUEZ, María Concepción. SILVER PRODUCTION IN SAN AGUSTÍN DE HUANTAJAYA MINE (CHILE), 1750-1804. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2005, vol.37, n.1, pp.37-57. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562005000100004.

Despite its efforts, administrative and fiscal policy at the end of the colonial period was unable to keep control of silver production ­an essential goal if it was to maximize fiscal resources- and at the same time prevent smuggling. Our aim here is to analyze colonial policies and the data provided by colonial fiscal sources to examine the direct relation between taxation and production, emphasizing the need to explore regional developments for a better understanding of economic history. Specifically Tarapacá, which belonged to different administrative and economic jurisdictions during the colonial period, is for this reason an especially complex case. The situation of San Agustín de Huantajaya, which belonged first to the corregimiento of Arica, and then to that of Tarapacá created in the second half of the 18th century, demonstrates the difficulties of estimating production on the basis of taxation. Miners and refiners were obliged to register their production in the Royal Treasury of Carangas until 1767, when they were granted permission to register in Potosí or Lima. But in 1780, a smelting furnace was at last opened in Tacna, the Royal Treasury of Arica, where silver could be smelted and sealed much closer to the Tarapacá refineries. These changes in fiscal regulations and the actions of producers, which took place on the margins of the law and in relation to their personal interests, make it difficult to estimate production. Despite these difficulties, we present some approximations based on the data provided by the account books of the Royal Treasuries of Carangas and Arica

Palabras clave : Colonial mining; fiscal policy; silver production; Tarapacá.

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